Botanical medicine, also known as herbalism or herbal medicine, is likely the most ancient form of medicine known to humankind (possibly dating back 60,000 years). Many modern pharmaceutical medicines are either plant-derived, or based on the chemical make-up of the plant (e.g. Aspirin, opium, quinine). Whole plants or plant extracts come in a variety of forms such as whole foods, teas, powders, pills, liquids/tinctures, creams, oils, and salves. Botanical medicines can be eaten, inhaled, or applied topically to the skin. Dr. Jasper maintains a well-stocked herbal dispensary, allowing her to custom-blend herbal combinations for her patients. Dr. Jasper is aware of herb-drug interactions, as well as safety precautions required in using botanical medicines in certain illnesses.